The Life Cycle of Acquisition-Based Companies

A few years ago, I was discussing this phenomenon with the CEO of one of our clients. His company had grown almost entirely through acquisition, and for several years the company had experienced revenue growth rates exceeding 20%. However, the company had plateaued with respect to earnings, and looking at their overall performance it became clear to him (and to the Wall Street analysts that watched his company) that a great deal of money had been left on the table. Working with that CEO, I developed a model called the ACL Life Cycle. Understanding and using the ACL Life Cycle has proven enormously beneficial to clients depending on an M&A strategy for continued growth.

The ACL Life Cycle

The ACL Life Cycle describes the maturation process of companies who grow substantially through acquisitions and mergers. Using the ACL model, we can clearly identify the company’s current position. Knowing that position, and then looking forward at the company’s financial objectives through the lens of their business strategies, the specific actions that are needed become clear. Those actions can then be formed into an executable plan with associated performance measures, and managed through completion to bring the overall enterprise to heightened levels of financial performance. It is important for acquisition-oriented executives to understand the major phases and characteristics of the ACL Life Cycle.

Businesses who have survived one or more acquisitions and/or mergers are usually left with some degree of disintegration among their processes and systems. A company’s success in reaching the financial objectives of the merger or acquisition is directly correlated with the degree to which that disintegration has been replaced by a set of business processes and information systems that are common enough to generate enterprise-wide leverage. Implicit in that commonality is enterprise-level direction and guidance, manifested in company-wide business strategies and performance measures that align all of the combined business units. These businesses move, in this post-acquisition or post-merger environment, from an acquisition-based operating model to one characterized by shared services and a general commonization, to a stage where the enterprise “whole” really is able to become something greater than the sum of its business unit “parts”. It is more than the typical cost-reduction synergy anticipated in most of these transactions; it is a new platform for innovation, and an even higher level of innovation-based leverage.

Companies who experience substantive growth as a result of business acquisitions typically follow the ACL life cycle. ACL in this context stands for: Acquisition, Commonization, and Leverage. Many companies never leave the first stage of this maturity scale, and still more remain at the second stage. The most successful companies are usually those who recognize the importance of moving through all three stages, and consistently implement a structured process for doing so.
All companies experience pressures that push them toward decentralized operations, including idiosyncrasies of specific market niches served, the uniquenesses of isolated business processes, unusual needs of specific customer populations, and Uncategorized organizational entropy. At the same time, most of the companies that are successful in achieving the financial performance objectives established for the newly merged enterprise manage to overcome those challenges, electing to pursue the advantages of leverage, including:

  • broad synergistic brand recognition, enabling cross-selling, bundling of products and services, and improving revenue
  • interchangeability of business process resources, enabling the company to reduce its asset base
  • commonality and scalability in equipment / skills / facilities, facilitating innovation and growth into additional markets
  • higher utilization of business assets, reducing unit cost
  • lower levels of redundancy, resulting in reduced operating costs

These companies also typically find that maintaining compliance with financial reporting standards such as Sarbanes-Oxley requirements are enhanced as a result of strengthened internal controls.
Some companies make a deliberate decision to remain “holding companies”, which simply buy and sell diverse businesses that have only marginal relationships with one another. These conglomerates prefer to manage the portfolio through buying and selling components, and allowing the leadership teams at the individual companies to manage ongoing operations from strategy through execution. A few of them have been quite successful, and this article is sometimes not as directly applicable to those at a corporate level. It works very well, however, for their major divisions. Companies that benefit most from understanding the three stages of the ACL Life Cycle are those companies who have decided to focus on a single core industry – Aerospace & Defense, Automotive, Chemicals and Polymers, Textiles, Electronics, Telecommunications, Consumer Products, Medical Equipment producers, Healthcare providers, and Financial Services providers are all good candidates. 

The Acquisition Stage of the ACL Life Cycle

Companies in the Acquisition Stageof their life cycles are usually focused on revenue growth, and capturing market share. They are characterized by high levels of autonomy in management, in the reporting of site-level data to the corporate parent, and in the design of their business processes and systems. Companies who remain in this stage for long periods of time following acquisitions usually act as holding companies, with the corporation allowing individual divisions or sites to operate almost as independent companies with their own P&L, strategic plans, and market-facing branding. Often, companies in the Acquisition stage lack a common vision of the future of the overall business, and tend to operate at cross-purposes among the operating units. They sometimes even compete against one another for the same customers. They share little operating information, making it nearly impossible to coordinate and deploy “best practices”, effectively distribute work load, utilize general market intelligence, and grasp other elements that could provide corporate-wide leverage of the businesses’ assets and resources. A few industry-specific examples here should help to illustrate the situation:

Manufacturing companies in the acquisition stage are usually characterized by redundancies in raw materials, equipment, staffing, and other business resources. Because manufacturing companies are relatively material-intense, a great deal of cost can be tied up in raw materials, work-in-process, and finished goods. Since acquisition stage companies have so little visibility between business units, there is little opportunity for them to reallocate these assets in order to use them effectively. As a result, the most costly resources remain the most underutilized. In addition, acquisition-stage companies have not centralized the management of even commodity-level business processes, such as finance, human resources, and information technology. This lack of centralization leaves additional inefficiencies in place around accounting staff, employee benefits provider subscriptions, business software applications, data centers, and computing equipment. 

Telecommunications companies in the acquisition stage also have unrealized opportunities for greater leverage from their business assets, but these more often take the form of redundancies in network equipment, network coverage, retail outlets, partner agreements related to the sale of their products, and interconnection agreements with other carriers. In addition, acquisition stage telecom companies often have a substantial amount of unrealized leverage in the lack of integration among the data bases and information of their various divisions that could enable shared service operations for commodity-type processes such as billing and cross-selling of products and services. Like manufacturing companies, telecom companies in the acquisition stage also typically have unexploited opportunities around the consolidation of data centers and related equipment and staffing.

Healthcare providers in the acquisition stage usually find opportunities in different areas of their businesses, because of the differing cost structure of their operations. The bulk of their costs and their opportunities while in the acquisition stage of maturity in the ACL Life Cycle are related to employee salaries & benefits, and to medical supplies and drugs. It is less common for these businesses to be able to effectively share inventories and equipment, since the nature of their business is rooted in community health care that requires local service provision. The opportunities that do exist, which are typically not exploited well in acquisition stage health care companies, are related to centralizing commodity type business processes such as finance, human resources, and information systems, and leveraging required service and supply procurement across the enterprise. 

Financial Services providers, such as banks, brokerages, credit unions, financial planning companies and tax & audit services exhibit yet another cost profile, with the largest elements typically including personnel and occupancy costs. In these businesses, like health care provision, being where the customers are is critical. The companies’ ability to understand the changing demographics and match up their branches as well as their skills to the targeted customer base is often a differentiator between the companies that succeed and those that fail. Financial services providers who are still in the acquisition stage of maturity in the ACL Life Cycle often do not have the commonality in fundamental business processes and systems to readily reconfigure their operations to meet the changing needs of their marketplace. Their acquisitions or mergers have enabled them to grow horizontally, typically into adjacent markets. However, lacking an adequate foundation of commonality in processes and systems, there is substantial money left on the proverbial table as a result of ineffective resource deployment, and delays in the reporting of operational performance data that would enable the company to be more responsive. These companies also fail, in their acquisition stage, to take advantage of their larger purchasing power to gain leverage around purchased services spanning items as diverse as employee health care and branch-level office supplies.   

The Commonization Stage of the ACL Life Cycle

Companies in the Commonization Stage of their life cycles have usually awakened to the value of focusing on Return on Net Assets (RONA) and Return on Invested Capital (ROIC). In order to begin to capture improvements in these areas, companies in the Commonization Stage often turn to shared service models of operations for selected business processes and systems. Strategies and performance measures begin to crystallize around common themes that span multiple operating units or divisions. Among the areas of focus for a shared service model in this stage are Finance (A/R, A/P, General Ledger, and Financial Reporting), Human Resources (Payroll, Benefits, and Employment Records), and Information Technology (Computer Hardware, Network Administration, and selected Software Applications Management). Some companies in the Commonization Stage also move Procurement and other aspects of Materials Management to a shared service model, enabling the corporation to more effectively leverage its broadest possible purchasing power.

Manufacturing companies in the commonization stage of maturity typically have shared services in place for commodity types of business processes such as finance, human resources, and information systems management. As they advance through the commonization phase, some of them also begin to pull together a common platform for procurement, encompassing at least their most costly and common raw materials. A few in this stage reach a point where their data center
operations are completely centralized, and may even be outsourced to a third party like CSC. Toward the end of the commonization phase, centralization of work deployment and capacity utilization as well as process quality emerge as companies begin to deploy common processes and systems in customer requirements management, enterprise requirements planning, manufacturing execution systems, and distribution management systems. 

Telecommunications companies in the commonization stage of maturity also typically have shared services in place for commodity types of business processes such as finance, human resources, and information systems management. As they advance in maturity through this stage, telecoms also become aware of the available leverage in centralizing the management of some of their most valuable assets. However, unlike the manufacturer’s raw material focus, for telecommunications operations those elements are things like spectrum licenses, network equipment, connection agreements, partner agreements, distribution centers, and retail outlets. Centralizing the management of those assets to identify overlaps and redundancies enables telecoms to emerge from the commonization stage with much more effectively leveraged business assets, providing broader market coverage with a lower total asset base and generating much higher earnings on that consolidated foundation.

Healthcare companies in the commonization phase of maturity find substantial benefit in the commonization and centralization of their commodity type processes and systems.  This is primarily because of the impact on cash flow and earnings when the employee base is reduced through shared services, and employee benefits and supplies are both leveraged in terms of the broader purchasing power of the company following a business acquisition of significant size. However, there is also an especially rich opportunity available to healthcare companies in the commonization stage that stems form the leverage available related to insurance coverage – not for the employees directly, but covering the potential liability of the company itself. This category of cost is typically about the third largest slice of the pie, and significant reductions there can translate quickly to a meaningful earnings impact. 

 Financial services providers in the commonization stage of the ACL Life Cycle, like healthcare providers, often find substantial benefit in the commonization and centralization of their commodity type processes and systems. With roughly half of their cost of operations wrapped up in employee salaries and benefits, there is an opportunity for meaningful impact on cash flow and earnings when the employee base is reduced through shared services, and employee benefits and supplies are both leveraged in terms of the broader purchasing power of the company following a business acquisition or merger. The next significant area for financial service providers in the commonization stage is the capability for rapid reconfiguration of the business based on enterprise-wide visibility of operational data and market intelligence.

The Leverage Stage of the ACL Life Cycle

Companies in the Leverage Stage of their life cycles are usually embarked on a fierce drive toward adding real value. They are relentless in their efforts to fully utilize the assets of the entire corporation, driving out redundancy and its associated costs. They are then able to pivot on the fulcrum of those more agile processes and systems to implement innovations that foster organic growth resulting in greater market share, greater revenue, and improved earnings for their shareholders. Leverage Stage companies also establish a structured and repetitive process of assimilating new businesses, gathering and incorporating market intelligence into company-wide strategies, and innovating on the basis of these new combinations to capture additional market segments. These companies are characterized by coordination and centralization of major business functions such as the planning and allocation of R&D, production work, inventories, raw material purchases, personnel, and factories & equipment. They centrally manage a broad spectrum of common business processes and systems, including customer requirements management, product data management, enterprise requirements planning, manufacturing execution systems, and logistics management. They are constantly changing, evaluating and configuring business assets to meet future market needs, acquiring and developing new businesses, and shedding assets that no longer fit their evolving model.

Manufacturing companies in the leverage stage of maturity typically have shared services in place for most of the critical business processes of their company, having reached beyond the commodity level processes and into those which deliver the most value to their customers. Examples include sales & marketing, order entry & customer service, capacity planning and management, production scheduling and shop floor control, and distribution requirements planning. As they move through the leverage stage of the ACL Life Cycle, some of these companies leverage the commonality of their processes and systems to produce innovative new products and services, identify additional market opportunities, and develop industry-changing relationships that reach through their supply chains. 

Telecommunications companies in the leverage stage of maturity also have shared services in place for most of the critical business processes of their company, including the seamless provisioning (often called “flow-through provisioning” by industry insiders) of all telephonic services to customers stemming from a single telephone conversation responding to an individual inquiry about a service. This type of capability is only enabled when all of the information from what have historically been disparate data bases is available in an intelligent form through excellent systems integration, based on exceptional levels of commonality and strength in enterprise-wide business processes.

Healthcare companies in the leverage stage of maturity have typically discovered and implemented leverage-based improvements in their major cost structure elements as a result of enterprise-wide information visibility flowing from systems integration and centralized management of critical business processes. Health care companies generally also have uniquely challenging business conditions related to three other areas where leverage level operations can be a powerful tool. 

The first of these areas is employee safety. Most health care organizations are spending a substantial amount of money in this regard, with training and documentation of company polices and safety-related practices requiring an increasing amount of company attention. The integration of systems and commonization of processes in a leverage stage health care company offers opportunities to more quickly incorporate internal best practices, externally imposed business requirements, and feedback about lessons learned across the entire health care organization regardless of geographic dispersion. Commonization and centralized management here can result in substantially lower cost, and more importantly, substantially higher and more uniform levels of employee safety. 

The second area is bad debt. The integration of customer data, and effectively interfacing a common set of enterprise-wide processes and systems with outside service providers such health maintenance organizations and insurance carriers, substantially reduces the amount of bad debt in leverage level health care companies. 

The third area, and perhaps the area of richest opportunity, is the area of patient medical information. This area is tricky because of legislation related to patient privacy and guidelines recently established for the maintenance and communication of patient medic
al information. However, one of the fundamental challenges faced by health care providers is the absence of available medical history, particularly when a patient is admitted to an emergency room or urgent care facility. Particularly when a patient is unable to respond to questions directly due to an incapacitation illness or injury, time can literally mean life or death. Making all necessary information available to the physicians and other health care professionals involved as quickly as possible is extremely important. When critical business processes and information systems for the management of this information are brought to an effective level of commonality, the rapid dissemination of the needed information can be greatly improved, while patients’ expectations around the privacy of their information are still met. 

Financial services companies in the leverage stage of maturity, like health care companies in some ways, must balance the needs of differing local customer geographies against the advantages of centralized management in critical business processes and systems. There is real value in allowing some latitude to local branch officers and customer-facing staff such as loan officers to accommodate the unique circumstances involved in specific cases. However, these companies often find that a significant advantage of the leverage provided by enterprise-wide commonization of processes and systems is the ability to see the nuances of differing markets at a corporate level, and recognize broader trends among those different markets more quickly and clearly than they could before. This improved visibility, in turn, enables management to reconfigure their service offerings, redeploy resources such as sales dollars, and organize sales campaigns for those specific markets more quickly than they could previously.  

The best of these companies, regardless of what industry they occupy, utilize their common platform of processes, systems, and information to understand the needs of their customers in unique ways, and fluidly translate those needs into the features of their products and services. A few, at the very top of the game, come to understand the customers’ needs even before the customer recognizes them, and when necessary they reconfigure their entire business to meet those needs, gaining unassailable competitive advantage. The enterprise-wide leverage they achieved as a result of carefully and skillfully handling the post-merger or post-acquisition integration of processes, systems, and data provided the platform from which innovation launched them to new levels of performance. Examples could as easily be provided for companies in pharmaceuticals, retail operations, or the food & beverage industry. The lessons learned and the techniques vary a little, but the principles are the same.

Choosing an Online Payday Lender

What is Payday Loan?

A payday loan is quick monetary assistance in the form of a loan to be repaid on your next pay date. Online payday loans are the easiest method to obtain necessary cash quickly when you find yourself between paychecks.

Choosing an Online Payday Lender?

There are some crucial steps when choosing your online payday lender. When applying for a payday loan or cash advance, go for only one at a time. Let’s look at other necessary points to consider before you start to fill an application on the internet.

1. Take into consideration how professional the lender’s site is. You don’t want it to be badly organized.

2. Pay attention to how the site presents information. Clarity, relevance and usefulness are important indicators of quality.

3. A good site will have key questions answered in a payday loan FAQ section.

4. If there are expected to pay any fees up-front before your application is processed, that’s a red light.

5. Check to see if it has a clear Security and Privacy Policy that you can read.

6. Some payday lenders may promise a quick or even an instant approval with little requirements from you. Beware of them!

7. WARNING! – Don’t use payday lenders who do not have a valid SSL certificate. You risk your personal and financial information being exposed to unwanted parties.

8. The site must have an easy way to contact the lender in case there are any problems. It should have an email address and a form on a “Contact US” page

Commercial Real Estate – Listing Tools and Tactics

Attracting new property listings is an ongoing task that requires constant focus for the commercial real estate agent. Whether they are new or old to the industry, prospecting for new listings is (or should be) ongoing. Clear tactics are required if you want to dominate your market and the other real estate agents around you.

Without new listings you cannot generate the commissions and quality of enquiry you require. What I will give you here is a well proven base plan and set of tactics for generating listing opportunity.

Understand this, the more enquiries you generate from the people you know, the better your real estate business. You have to know a lot of people to be successful in the real estate business.

With the advances in technology today you would think that this is prospecting process is easier than ever before, although some people still struggle with it.

So where can you generate the property enquiry that you need? Here is a list that will help you on the way:

  • Old real estate sales and leasing activity over the last few years will give you the names and dates of transactions that will soon potentially come back in the market. That means you should use the old property sales and leasing records from your region as a base of fresh prospecting and cold calling. Most investment property will change hands every 5 to 7 years. It is a cycle that allows you to target properties that have been held for some time by the same owners. They are likely to need your help soon.
  • Business owners may lease or own their premises. Make the call to these people or drop in at their offices to find out what they need and want in the way of property.
  • Walk the streets that contain the good properties and the good businesses. Leave your business card and pick up the business card of all the managers or proprietors.
  • Ask the people you meet in the local businesses about the local properties around them and any changes that they know about. This is a great source of market intelligence. They know the market around them better than you do.
  • Vacant land should always be researched as to the owner and what they are doing about the property. You can put your sign on vacant land if the owner lists their property with you. The more signs you get up the better for your market image and market share.
  • Old property listings that other agents have failed to sell or lease should be monitored in case the listing can be reactivated. As part of this keep a tally on the time on market for the listings. This will tell you when the market is changing with certain listing types.
  • Make cold calls on developers, solicitors, accountants, and architects. They all have an interest in commercial property and will have clients that need help from time to time.
  • Rent rolls and other property managements held by other agents are prime targets for new business. By their very nature, the owners of these properties are investors, and many investors own more than one property.

You and your daily activities are at the center of this prospecting process. Prospecting is hard for some people given that the level of self-discipline required is high. Many salespeople will find something else to do that is easier. Any excuse will do to avoid prospecting. Many salespeople will take the easy prospecting process of dropping flyers and sending generic mail to hundreds of local businesses where they do not follow up. Does this really work? Yes but only to a minor degree and the road to success is slow.

You have to talk to people if you want to fast track your listings and opportunity.

If you take on this challenge and practice your prospecting processes until they are second nature, then you will create better results. As you improve, the more meetings and presentations you can do, and this leads to listings.

It pays to keep a running tally of your calls, meetings, and conversions to listings. This helps you understand when you are getting better at the prospecting process. So who are you going to call? This is the research part of the prospecting model and every day you do a bit more research into the properties and the areas that you are interested in. This also helps you understand what is going on in your area.

New property listings help you build your database. It is the database that will bring you so much market share and qualified enquiry. The bigger and more accurate your database, the more people you can call when some enquiry or opportunity arises. Your database is a very personal thing and should be maintained by you personally. This helps you take ownership of the process.

Why Turn to OrthoNow Services Right Now?

One of the options that may be available to you is OrthoNow. This type of clinic can help you to handle many of the concerns related to bone fractures and sprains without having to go to the traditional emergency room to do so. If your child is playing sports on a Saturday afternoon and happens to be hurt on the field, the options are limited normally. You could go to the ER, but the costs will be high and the wait could be long. This facility provides another option for fast, affordable help no matter what your needs are.

What Is It?

OrthoNow provides an opportunity for individuals to get the help they need for injuries in a safe manner without having to go to the traditional hospital room to get the care needed. This is a type of immediate care center that provides for the needs for nearly all types of patients who are facing concerns with orthopedics, such as muscles, joints or bone pain. If that sounds like what is happening with you, visit one of these professional organizations for help even after hours. Even better, this is a walk-in program, which means you do not need an appointment to get help.

What Can They Do?

There are many ways these professionals can help you. They often help with sprains and strains, including those related to sports or work injuries. You can come in if you think you’ve fractured a bone or you are not sure if you did. It also handles most types of sports medicine injuries. If you have a minor dislocation of a bone, they can help to set it. They can also help with cast problems or dressing wounds. However, these facilities do have some limitations.

You do not want to go to this type of facility if you have a spinal injury, open wounds or fractures or you have head trauma. Since this is not a traditional emergency room, these types of treatment are not available onsite. However, if you have any type of non-emergency injury like those described here, you can walk in to get the care you need. It’s the type of specialized care you need when your child has fallen on the playground and could have broken a bone or when that sports injury kicks in while you are playing basketball with the guys.

Don’t put off getting help. You no longer have to worry about choosing a high copay at an emergency room or getting help for your condition that’s more affordable. With OrthoNow, you can get the help you need right away, so that you can get back to life.

Dental Insurance And Individual Health Plans

You could rarely find and buy individual health plans that also cover dental hygiene. There is useful information that people should know particularly if they consider buying the policies separately.

It is estimated that about 45 million Americans currently don’t own any dental insurance policy. Most non-elderly citizens who own individual health plans also own dental hygiene policies. However, majority of people who buy health insurance plans by themselves do not have dental insurance. This data is based on a report released by Centers for Disease Manage and Prevention.

While individual health plans cover several added services like basic emergency care in addition to costs of prescription drugs, they logically are not necessary to include coverage for adult oral care. Nevertheless, for health insurance policies for children, dental services are needed.

In March 2010, reforms to the healthcare insurance coverage were set. However, despite the push exerted through many advocates, that bill did not include the wider dental component. Supporters and proponents of the reform argued that each health plans already cover costs for other pressing health problems like diabetes and heart diseases.

About 75% of 172 million Americans under age 65 years (who own private health insurance plans) have dental insurance plans as well. Their employers mostly supply the health insurances. Among those with separate dental protection, more than a quarter of them have comprehensive plans with dental insurance while one fourth have stand-alone plans. Some have both.

About 90 million Americans own individual health plans through Medicaid and Medicare insurance, which both do not offer dental care programs for adults. There is no figure available regarding public health insurance plans. Medicaid shoulders dental take care of people under 21 years old. The insurer currently serves up to 45 million people of the low-income group. However, such patients complain about troubles to find accredited dentists.

A separate government-sponsored program provides dental hygiene, albeit limited. It is the Children’s Health Insurance coverage Program. As for the older people, they could always choose to purchase separate dental care policies from health insurance companies.

Do you look for health insurers that also offer dental hygiene plans? Data from the Association for Health Insurance Plans reveal that we now have only a few insurers that do so. Individuals include Cigna Corp, Aetna Inc, Assurant Inc, Humana Inc, as well as UnitedHealth Group Inc. The association represents up to 80 of overall dental insurance plans in america. There are also health insurance plans that offer dental coverage included in health policies. They include several and specific programs from MetLife, Principal Financial Group Inc, and Azure Cross Blue Shield Association.

Experts advise people to purchase dental care insurance policies even if they currently own individual healthcare plans. Purchasing separate plans is more advisable especially because it might be very hard, if not impossible, to find and purchase health insurance policies that also include dental protection.

Better To Choose Electric Cigarette(elektronines cigaretes)

Since they were launched, also to learn, you will find the reactions on the shared electronic cigarettes(sigaretta elettronica). You can find a number of people who believe that they are not strong, but much remains to be convinced that they can meet the requirements that can be made until the end. One of the reasons individuals are normally act to facilitate the use of tobacco end. Other than traditional cigarettes(cigarro), tobacco does not work with non-smokers of cigarette. As a result, they are able to produce the positive aspects of welfare services. They are the welfare gains that the persons specifically referred to them are less dangerous than smoking cigarettes(cigarette electronique) that produce and relieve any type of cancer when used. In addition, these residents to help the environment, which in turn reduces pollution.

These electronic cigarette (sigaretta elettronica) contains no tobacco, and then burn the cancer usually does not develop products. They can, therefore, without risk of smoke and indoor smoking was not to think about long ostracized accurate anti-smoking laws. You can pretty much smoking near the mall, and not smoking, as the byproduct of the electronic cigarette is a drinking water vapor. How does it work? It ‘really a brilliant concept, which uses a battery atomizer and the cartridge is composed of water vapor, flavor and varied amounts of nicotine. Inhalation is the electronic cigarette(sigarette elettroniche) activates the rechargeable lithium battery, and this activates the nebulizer, which releases water vapor filled with varying degrees of nicotine.

You will be able to get just a starter kit, consisting of the sprayer, rechargeable battery, battery charger and cartridges of nicotine. For those looking to reduce their nicotine intake or trying to quit smoking, a number of strengths of the cartridges to wean her car out of regular cartridges more powerful. On the other hand, there is however an advantage over the welfare of the new devices mentioned can make use of snuff attract smokers. And who is willing to help users successfully quit using snuff. As the welfare of other positive aspects, is feasible because of the lack of snuff.

Due to the fact that handle more than the number of nicotine was sent to the user, produces a significant help to stop smoking. On the other hand, to obtain the electronic cigarette is not enough to really be able to quit smoking cigarettes. You have to find the best way to prove it, and would need to act, you should take.

* Identify and-fluid, which is necessary to exploit. What it is, and know the taste of nicotine, the amount you’re comfortable with. Nicotine through the place that you have identified, is gradually reduced until you can bear with smokeless cigarettes, nicotine, to zero.

* Knowing the best way to fill the device. If you are unable to fill their non-smoking cigarettes, you may be able to use it anytime and anywhere. It takes away from the temptation to take advantage of real cigarettes when you have the desire to smoke cigarettes.

* It would have been punished. Keep your eyes on your destination stop tobacco use. Stick to the program, gradually lowering down the seat around the nicotine-liquid, which can be used and the temptation to resume

Stress – How it Affects You and How You Can Treat It

Your life is full of stress! Any arguments? Didn’t think so. Your life is full of pressure, frustration, and stress. Worrying about job security, being overworked, driving in rush hour traffic, arguing with your spouse, even dealing with medical bills – all of these create stress in your life.

According to the American Psychology Association, more than half of all Americans report being concerned about the level of stress in their lives. Most people are feeling over scheduled, overextended, and overworked. By far, the most commonly reported source of stress is the workplace.

Studies suggest that stress is a contributing factor in the development of chronic and degenerative conditions such as heart disease and diabetes. High stress levels at work can lead to job burnout, reduction in productivity, ill health, job dissatisfaction, and absenteeism. As these problems add up over time, you worry more about keeping your job while your boss becomes more dissatisfied, leading to more stress and an ever-growing vicious cycle.

When you experience stress, glands within your body respond by releasing a hormone called adrenocorticotropic hormone – we’ll call it ACTH for short. When your glands send out a burst of ACTH it is like an alarm system going off within your body. ACTH tells other glands to flood your body with the hormones cortisol and adrenaline. These two hormones cause your heart rate and blood pressure to increase. They shut down your digestive system and even alter your immune system. When you remove yourself from the stressful situation, the levels of cortisol and adrenaline decrease. As cortisol and adrenaline decrease in your system, your heart rate, blood pressure, digestive system and immune system return to normal.

As you pile one stressful situation on top of another, your body has no time to recover. If you are in a constant state of stress, or experience many stressful situations, your body’s stress response system can disrupt nearly all of your body’s processes. Some of the effects can lead to chronic illness and disease.

Stress affects the digestive system so much that stomachaches and diarrhea become common. The hormones related to stress slow down the release of stomach acid and the process of emptying the stomach. The same hormones stimulate your colon which speeds the passage of its contents – a.k.a diarrhea.

Chronic stress dampens your immune system making you more susceptible to colds and other infections.

Stress affects your nervous system and has been linked to depression, anxiety, panic attacks, and dementia. Over time, chronic release of cortisol can even cause damage to several structures in the brain.

Stress affects your cardiovascular system by causing an increase in heart rate and blood pressure and increasing the risk of heart attacks and stroke.

Unlike most other diseases that affect Americans, there really isn’t any routine medical treatment for stress. Some doctors prescribe antidepressants. But drugs have a limited ability to alleviate stress.

The most effective way to reduce or relieve stress is through lifestyle habits.

Lifestyle habits such as spinal alignment, exercise, breathing exercises and coping strategies are the most effective ways to reduce stress.

Exercise is a good way to deal with stress because it is a healthy way to relieve your pent-up energy and tension. By getting physically active, you can decrease your levels of anxiety and stress, and elevate your moods. Numerous studies show that people who exercise exhibit a marked improvement in their ability to concentrate, sleep better, suffer fewer illnesses, suffer from pain less, and report a higher quality of life.

One of the consequences of stress is a tendency to unconsciously tense up your muscles, especially in your upper back and shoulder regions. This chronic tension, coupled with poor posture, causes the vertebrae of your spine to become misaligned. Misalignment causes irritation. Irritation causes more tension. More tension causes greater misalignment. And the cycle continues and you continue to get worse. Most people experience a notable improvement in their own stress levels almost immediately after a spinal adjustment. You can reduce your level of stress by visiting your local chiropractor to have a spinal adjustment.

There are two types of nutritional supplements. There are nutritional supplements that help reduce stress and there are nutritional supplements that help the body better cope with the effects of stress. Supplements that help reduce stress belong to a class of herbs that helps the body relax. Herbs such as chamomile, skullcap, valerian, and lavender help to clear your mind and calm intense emotions. Many of these herbs are taken in the form of a hot or warm tea.

Supplements that help the body cope with the physical effects of stress are the B-vitamins and zinc. When you experience stress, your body needs more zinc and more of the Vitamin-B complex. Your health suffers and you are more prone to illness when you don’t have enough of each in your body. Taking a B-complex with zinc in the form of a liquid nutritional supplement will help protect your body from the negative effects of stress.

The final key to treating stress is healthy thinking. Most stress is caused by two factors – dealing with change and feeling out of control. While you can’t predict the changes that will occur in your life, you can – control how you plan each day, – you can positively respond to change, and – you can act with purpose.

The combination of these three positive thinking habits can help remove stress from your life and diminish the effects of stress. These three simple ‘attitude adjustments’ will help you feel more in control and once adopted as a habit, can be quite relaxing.

Don’t let prolonged or repeated episodes of stress lead you to chronic or degenerative disease like diabetes or heart disease. Lifestyle habits such as spinal alignment, exercise, breathing exercises and coping strategies are the most effective ways you can reduce stress and the effects of stress on your body.

Most Common Cosmetic Dentistry Procedures

These days, technological and medicinal advancements have made many different cosmetic dental procedures possible. These procedures give patients a better-looking smile overall and can help to improve their self confidence as well. So if you are unhappy with the current state of your teeth, you may want to consider speaking with your dentist about the possibility of having one or more of the following common cosmetic dental procedures performed.

The most common type of cosmetic dental procedure that people get done involves whitening of the teeth. There are different specific procedures offered to achieve this goal, ranging from traditional tooth bleaching to newer laser whitening techniques. The effects of teeth whitening can last anywhere from a couple of years to decades, depending on how well the patient takes care of their teeth following the procedure. However, it is not uncommon for patients to return for further whitening procedures to get their teeth looking their absolute whitest.

Another common type of cosmetic dental procedure involves that of reshaping teeth. This is specifically common in situations where dental trauma has occurred. For example, a patient may seek teeth reshaping after being hit in the mouth, perhaps while playing a sport, and suffering from a chipped tooth. In many cases, a dentist can use special tools to file the tooth down or to otherwise reshape it so that it looks as normal as possible. In addition, having this procedure done reduces the chance of further injury, as chipped teeth can be dangerously sharp and lead to cuts and other mouth injuries.

Another common procedure that is similar to reshaping is known as bonding. This is often done as a way of replacing pieces of teeth that has been lost from chipping or gradual wear. In bonding, a dentist uses a special composite that resembles enamel and applies it to the surface of the afflicted tooth. Once it dries and hardens, the new enamel blends in with the existing tooth and gives it the correct shape and overall appearance.

The placement of veneers is also a very common cosmetic dental procedure. These are often done as a last resort, such as when a tooth will simply not take to teeth whitening procedures or the damage to a tooth is too severe to use bonding enamel or reshaping techniques. Veneers are a bit more of an involved dental procedure, as they involve inserting custom-made porcelain duplicates of teeth. These are adhered directly to an existing tooth, but it is usually necessary to file down the existing tooth almost entirely. Individual veneers are common, though people who have severe tooth decay or other problems may end up with several veneers.

Above are some of the most common cosmetic dental procedures these days. If any of these sound appealing to you, then you should speak with your dentist to find out whether you would be a good candidate for the particular procedure that you are considering. From there, you can take the next steps needed to achieve your ideal smile!

Clothing Store For Fashionable Women Clothing

Men and Women by nature are social animals. They always try to look their best by wearing different types of clothing and accessories. The habit of dressing fashionably is more prevalent in women then men. They are always conscious of the latest fashion and style. Fashionable women clothings are available in different qualities and prices.

The new styles and fashions are mostly the domain of the young. The main fascination of the young generation with fashion is to look different. The requirements of the young are different; an ideal life for the young requires designer clothing, money and a place to stay.

Now a days Designer women clothing are available almost every where. They are designed to fulfill the needs and requirements of every type of customers. Due to increase in the demand of fashionable clothes there is a demand for courses in fashion arts and design. Now a day a lot of universities are fulfilling the demand by offering these types of courses.

There are many good quality women clothing stores which sell their clothes online. Online stores have unmatched convenience there is no need to leave the safety of your house to select a dress. There are many women clothing online available, the choice is unlimited. If you are in U.K then Hobbs clothing is the place to shop for designer clothes. Even if you are not in U.K you can shop from Hobbs by using the internet. Women clothing can be obtained from the women shopping store of Hobbs. Designer women cloth can also be obtained from Zara online shop. The clothes at Zara are different and of a better quality then most online shops.

Another advantage of buying from exclusive women online clothing store is that they offer free delivery to homes of the buyers. Zara is one of those shops which not only offers free home delivery but also offers 3D images of women clothing, which helps a customer in making a better informed decision. Another feature of the quality web sites is that you can check the quality of the cloth by asking for a sample. Buying women cloth online can not only be a enjoyable experience but it can be a process which can save you time and money.

Best Over the Counter Age Spot Remover

Over the counter age spot remover is one of the hottest selling products in the anti aging skin care market, because nobody wants to walk around with highly visible indicators of age upon their skin. These marks do not really have anything to do with your physical age however, as they are simply products of extended exposure to the sun. It has been pounded into the psyche they are signs of a person advancing into the latter stages of their life due to the timing of their appearance.

Nobody wants to feel as though they are slipping into decline, and though it embarrasses sufferers to have other see them this way it does more damage so as the way that the person sees themselves. Companies have taken advantage of the psychological implications of the development of this harmless hyperpigmentation by flooding the marked with skin whitening products.

What most over the counter age spot remover contains in order to help you reduce the random overproduction of melanin are compounds that I would not advise you to let anywhere near your skin. While effective in slowly removing the discoloration marking your skin, these compounds are not healthy at all. They could in fact take a serious toll on your health, and lightening your skin is simply not worth that.

One ingredient popular for lightening the skin is hydroquinone, which is banned in Europe and may soon be elsewhere as well. Hydroquinone is suspected to potentially cause an increased rate of tumors, mononuclear cell leukemia, and heptocellular and renal tube cell adenomas. It can also cause a disfiguring disease in which blue-black pigments are deposited in your skin.

Other over the counter age spot remover features mercury (II) chloride and ammoniated mercury as the primary melanin reducers. All forms of mercury are highly toxic to humans, and the accumulation of these compounds in your system due to repeated application of the formula can make you incredibly ill. Let me tell you about the only safe option you have for reducing the melanin content of your skin.

The safest and most effective over the counter age spot remover features Extrapone nutgrass root extract, which is proven to reduce melanin by as much as 40%. This eliminates the spots that you have, prevents new ones from forming, and the all Uncategorized ingredients heal your skin and make you look younger. This is the only skin whitening formula that I would consider using.